HOMES IN THE UK
Houses can be detached (= separate from other houses); semi-detached (= connected to one house on one side) or terraced (= connected to two other houses, one on each side.)
Flats are usually in a block (a block of flats is a building with four or more floors / storeys) or they are converted from old houses. For example, you can find a flat above a shop.
Some people also live in a bungalow: a one-storey house.
A house is often on two or more floors. On the ground floor (or downstairs) there’s usually a hall (where you go in) and then other rooms, such as kitchen and living room. On the first floor (or upstairs) there are usually bedrooms and a bathroom.
In some houses there is also an attic or loft – a room under the roof. Some houses have a garage attached (for the car), and often there is a garden: a front garden (in front of the house) and a back garden (behind the house).
Other rooms are a dining room (either part of the kitchen or a separate room) for eating meals, a utility room (where you can find the washing machine, etc), a study (where there is a desk and computer). In bigger houses there is more than one bathroom. Some bedrooms can have “ensuite” bathrooms, and there is often an extra toilet (or “loo”) downstairs.
In the bedroom you can find one or more beds. Small beds (for one person) are single beds, while larger beds (for two people) are double beds. If children share a room, they often sleep in bunk beds – one bed above the other, which a child can reach with a ladder. Other furniture in a bedroom is a wardrobe (where you hang clothes such as coats, trousers, skirts and dresses) and a chest of drawers, where you put smaller items like underwear, T-shirts, jumpers, etc.
Here are some of the things you can find in a kitchen: a kitchen table and chairs, kitchen cupboards (for storage) at eye level fixed to the wall, or at floor level; a fridge and perhaps a freezer; a cooker which consists of an oven (for cooking roast meat, or baking cakes, etc) and a hob (four or five rings for cooking pasta etc); a sink (for washing plates, washing vegetables etc); work surfaces (for preparing food); a dishwasher (machine to wash plates).