di Roberto Piumini
“Quando la terra comincia a dormire
sotto una coperta di foglie leggere,
quando gli uccelli non cantano niente.
Quando di ombrelli fiorisce la gente,
quando si sente tossire qualcuno,
quando un bambino diventa un alunno.
IN UNA APP A MATRICE UNA SERIE DI ESERCIZI ON LINE: LEGGI, ASCOLTA E SCRIVI.
TRATTE DAL SITO https://www.topmarks.co.uk/ TRE BELLE POESIE IN INGLESE SULL’AUTUNNO I CUI TESTI HO TRASFORMATO IN FILES AUDIO (CLICCA SUI TITOLI PER LEGGERE LE POESIE).
A: Good evening, can I get you a drink?
B: Sure, I would like a Coke.
A: Would you like to order anything off the appetizer menu?
B: Let’s see, can I get some fried zucchini, please?
A: Would you like to order anything else?
B: No, that’s it, thank you.
A: No problem, call me when you’re ready to place the rest of your order.
B: I would like to order my food now.
A: What did you want to order?
B: Can I get a cheeseburger and some fries?
A: Can I get you anything else?
B: That’s all, thank you.
This is the centre of my town. Look! There is a butcher’s between the baker’s and the greengrocer’s. The florist’s is next to the baker’s. There is a traffic lights just in front of the butcher’s. My school is near the station, opposite the chemist’s. It’s half past eight in the morning and the children are going to school. The shops are open. There is a clothes shop next to the bookshop, it’s where my mother works. Behind the clothes shop there is the station.
Houses can be detached (= separate from other houses); semi-detached (= connected to one house on one side) or terraced (= connected to two other houses, one on each side.)
Flats are usually in a block (a block of flats is a building with four or more floors / storeys) or they are converted from old houses. For example, you can find a flat above a shop.
Some people also live in a bungalow: a one-storey house.
A house is often on two or more floors. On the ground floor (or downstairs) there’s usually a hall (where you go in) and then other rooms, such as kitchen and living room. On the first floor (or upstairs) there are usually bedrooms and a bathroom.
In some houses there is also an attic or loft – a room under the roof. Some houses have a garage attached (for the car), and often there is a garden: a front garden (in front of the house) and a back garden (behind the house).
Other rooms are a dining room (either part of the kitchen or a separate room) for eating meals, a utility room (where you can find the washing machine, etc), a study (where there is a desk and computer). In bigger houses there is more than one bathroom. Some bedrooms can have “ensuite” bathrooms, and there is often an extra toilet (or “loo”) downstairs.
In the bedroom you can find one or more beds. Small beds (for one person) are single beds, while larger beds (for two people) are double beds. If children share a room, they often sleep in bunk beds – one bed above the other, which a child can reach with a ladder. Other furniture in a bedroom is a wardrobe (where you hang clothes such as coats, trousers, skirts and dresses) and a chest of drawers, where you put smaller items like underwear, T-shirts, jumpers, etc.
Here are some of the things you can find in a kitchen: a kitchen table and chairs, kitchen cupboards (for storage) at eye level fixed to the wall, or at floor level; a fridge and perhaps a freezer; a cooker which consists of an oven (for cooking roast meat, or baking cakes, etc) and a hob (four or five rings for cooking pasta etc); a sink (for washing plates, washing vegetables etc); work surfaces (for preparing food); a dishwasher (machine to wash plates).
La forma plurale dei nomi in inglese si ottiene generalmente aggiungendo -s alla forma del singolare:
table → tables, chair → chairs, name → names, footballer → footballers,
aeroplane → aeroplanes.
Nei nomi che terminano in -s, -sh, -ch, -x, -z, -o si aggiunge -es
bus → buses, dish → dishes, watch → watches, box → boxes, potato → potatoes,
adress → adresses, church → churches.
Nei nomi che terminano in -y preceduta da consonante, si trasforma la y in i e si aggiunge –es
baby → babies, country → countries, dictionary → dictionaries, party → parties,
lady → ladies.
Nei nomi che terminano in -y preceduta da vocale, si aggiunge normalmente la -s
boy → boys, day → days.
Nei nomi che terminano in -f e -fe, la -f e la -fe diventa v e si aggiunge –es
half → halves, calf → calves, wife → wives.
Fanno eccezione a questa regola:
roof → roofs, chief → chiefs, cliff → cliffs, dwarf → dwarfs
man → men (uomo/uomini)
woman → women (donna/donne)
policeman → policemen (poliziotto/i)
fireman → firemen (pompiere/i)
child → children (bambino/i)
person → people (persona/e)
mouse → mice (topo/i)
tooth → teeth (dente/i)
foot → feet (piede/i)
goose → geese (oca/oche)
ox → oxen (bue/buoi)
LISTEN TO THE STORY
This is the story of the Jungle Book. It isn’t a cartoon. It is real. The real story of the Jungle Book. It starts when two people die.
Everyone dies, sooner or later. It is natural. It is the First Law of the jungle.
Shere Khan, the great tiger, killed them because he was angry and they were alone in the jungle.
Hungry animals kill. This is the Second Law of the jungle.
Before they died, the man and the woman used fire against Shere Khan. They burned his paw and Shere Khan was angry. He went away because he was frightened of the fire. In her home, a Mother Wolf gave her milk to her cubs. She heard a noise, outside, but she couldn’t move.
A mother protects her cubs. This is the Third Law of the jungle.
Father Wolf went outside. He saw the fire, the man and the woman. Then he saw a baby as small as the wolf cubs, a man-cub. He had no mother. “I can call him Mowgli” said Mother Wolf to her husband “He is a little frog because he has no hair on his body.” Mowgli is Little Frog in the language of the jungle. Mowgli stayed with the wolf family. The cubs grew, and Mowgli grew. He learned the language of wolves. He walked on two legs and he walked on four legs. He was a wolf. Every wolf is part of a family, and every family is part of a pack. A pack is a group of wolf families.
A pack is stronger than a family. This is the Fourth Law in the jungle.
Akela was the strongest, bravest, most intelligent wolf. He was the leader of the pack.
Baloo the bear was a teacher of wolves. Bagheera the black panther was a friend of the wolves. Baloo was a good teacher, and Mowgli learned the laws of the jungle and the languages of the animals. He went with Bagheera and he learned to run and to hunt. The years passed. But Shere Khan didn’t forget the man-cub.
One morning Bagheera took Mowgli to a village and left him there. “You Know the laws of the jungle.” he said “Now you must learn the laws of people.” Later, a woman found him. She took him into her house, and he lived with her family. Mowgli stayed in the village . He didn’t like it, but he was patient.
Be patient: this is the Sixth Law in the jungle.
Mowgli looked, he listened, he learned the Laws of People. He learned to look after the cows. He learned to look after the fire. Every morning Mowgli met his brother wolves in secret, near the village. They told him about the jungle. One evening, they told him Shere Khan was back. Mowgli decided to kill the great tiger. The next morning, Mowgli took the cows out as usual. He saw Shere Khan who ran to fight Mowgli. When the great tiger came, Mowgli hit the cows with fire. The cows ran towards Shere Khan. Shere Khan couldn’t escape. There were too many cows. They all ran forwards. The running cows killed the great tiger. Mowgli took the tiger skin back to the village. It was time for another wolf meeting. Akela was very old, and very tired. He was not the strongest wolf now.
He must die, and a new leader of the pack must come. This is the Eighth Law of the jungle.
Mowgli said: “Wolves! Don’t kill Akela. He is old but he is not bad. “Akela must die” said a wolf “It is the law of the jungle.”
“Wolves!” replied the boy, “I am Mowgli. I killed Shere Khan. I have the fire, I change the law!”.
And this is the real story of the Jungle book.
It started with blood, two dead people and a boy. And it finished with blood, a dead tiger, a living wolf and a boy who changed the laws of the jungle.